Karnataka HC: Aim of Preventive Detention is to Ensure Peace in Society  ||  Ker. HC: Second Opinion to Determine Authenticity of Disability Certificate Can be Sought by MACT  ||  Bombay High Court: 18-Year Old Who Mowed Down Woman from his Bike, Released  ||  Supreme Court: There Should be Proactive Participation of Trial Court in Trials  ||  SC Strikes Down Resolution Merging One Community in Backward Class to another Community of SC List  ||  Tel. HC: Wife of Man in Vegetative State Appointed as Legal Guardian of His Property  ||  SC: After Suit for Possession, Subsequent Suit for Arrears of Rent Maintainable  ||  Bombay High Court: Tariff Authority’s Interpretation of Scale of Rates is Binding  ||  Bombay High Court: Tariff Authority’s Interpretation of Scale of Rates is Binding  ||  Karnataka HC: State Directed to Sensitise Police Officers to Register FIR Under BNS and Not IPC    

Tedhi Singh vs. Narayan Dass Mahant - (Supreme Court) (07 Mar 2022)

Article 136 of the Constitution only confers a right to obtain special leave in rare and extraordinary cases

MANU/SC/0310/2022

Criminal

The Appellant calls in question the judgment of the High Court by which it dismissed the Criminal Revision filed against the order of the Sessions Judge by which the Court in turn affirmed the order passed by the Chief Judicial Magistrate. The Chief Judicial Magistrate found the appellant guilty of having committed the offence under Section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881 (‘N.I. Act.’). The Appellant stands sentenced to simple imprisonment for a period of one year. Further, the Appellant is called upon to pay a compensation of a sum of Rs.7 Lakhs.

Section 139 of the N.I. Act provides that Court shall presume that the holder of a cheque received the cheque of the nature referred to in Section 138 for the discharge, in whole or in part, of any debt or other liability. This presumption, however, is expressly made subject to the position being proved to the contrary. It is open to the accused to establish that, there is no consideration received.

However, the accused has the right to demonstrate that, the complainant in a particular case did not have the capacity and therefore, the case of the accused is acceptable which he can do by producing independent materials, namely, by examining his witnesses and producing documents. It is also open to him to establish the very same aspect by pointing to the materials produced by the complainant himself. He can further, achieve this result through the cross examination of the witnesses of the complainant. Ultimately, it becomes the duty of the Courts to consider carefully and appreciate the totality of the evidence and then come to a conclusion whether in the given case, the accused has shown that the case of the complainant is in peril for the reason that the accused has established a probable defence.

There is no evidence to establish that, the Appellant had informed the Bank about the loss of the cheque book containing blank cheque. In fact, in the statement under Section 313 of Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPC), Appellant had stated that this cheque book containing a blank cheque was lost. Appellant has no case that the signature on the cheque in question was not put by him.

Present Court even exercising power under Article 136 of the Constitution may not refuse to interfere in a case where three Courts have gone completely wrong. The jurisdiction generated in an appeal under Article 136 is undoubtedly rare and extraordinary. Article 136 of the Constitution only confers a right to obtain special leave in rare and extraordinary cases. The appellant has not established a case for interference with the finding of the Courts below that the offence under Section 138 N. I. Act stands committed by the Appellant.

The Appellant should be granted relief in the form of substitution of the sentence of imprisonment of one year with a fine. An amount of Rs.5,000 should suffice as substitution for the imprisonment. A further amount of Rs.15,000 shall be paid as compensation to the Respondent. Appeal partly allowed.

Tags : CHEQUE BOUNCE   CONVICTION   LEGALITY  

Share :        

Disclaimer | Copyright 2024 - All Rights Reserved