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Deep Malhotra and Ors. Vs. U.P. Singh and Ors. - (High Court of Delhi) (28 May 2019)

Purpose of a review application is limited and it cannot be used as a tool to re-argue what has already been decided



The present Review Petition has been filed by the Petitioner seeking review of the order passed in Contempt Case. The Respondent/DDA submitted that, in view of order dated 24th April, 2019 passed by Commissioner (LD) DDA, the present contempt petition has been rightly disposed of by this Court on 3rd May, 2019 and the present review petition is an abuse of the process of law and sought dismissal of the same.

The scope of a review petition lies in a narrow compass. Order XLVII Rule 1 of Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (CPC) lays down the parameters of exercising review jurisdiction. The said provision makes it abundantly clear that, the power of a review can be invoked on discovery of new and important matter or evidence, which after exercise of due diligence was not within the knowledge of the party or could not be produced at the time when the judgment was passed or on the ground of some mistake or error apparent on the face of the record or for any other sufficient reason.

In a recent decision in the case of Sasi (D) Through LRs v. Aravindakshan Nair and Others, the Supreme Court has reiterated that "the error has to be self-evident and is not to be found out by a process of reason."

In the case at hand, under the garb of a review application, the Petitioner is actually seeking a re-hearing of the contempt petition that was dismissed on merits on 3rd May, 2019, which is impermissible. The purpose of a review application is fairly limited and it cannot be used as a tool to re-argue what has already been decided. None of the circumstances as contemplated under Order 47 Rule 1 of the CPC have arisen, nor do the grounds raised in the review petition entitle the Petitioner for a review. If the petitioner is aggrieved by the order, he is at the liberty to seek appropriate legal recourse. Accordingly, the review petition is dismissed.

Relevant : Sasi (D) Through LRs v. Aravindakshan Nair and Others, reported as MANU/SC/0265/2017


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